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il ? r M Ak ycan adem TARX NSTTUTU ba i r y as ? Az i Elml l il ? r M Ak ycan adem TARX NSTTUTU ba i r y as ? Az . ...

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THE IREVAN KHANATE

the Russian invasion and resettlement of Armenians in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan The resume The resume In the book offered to the readership is spoken about one of the Azerbaijan states having played the significant role in the history of Southern Caucasus- the Irevan khanate (1747-1828). History of the Irevan khanate is an integral part of the rich spiritual and material culture of Azerbaijan people created in the course of several millennia .

In the recent past- in the beginning of the XIX century the territory of present Armenian Republic was a part of the territory of the Azerbaijan state Irevan khanate. Territories, on which the Irevan khanate had been emerged, are the ancient lands of the Azerbaijan Turks. The important historical events and processes which had found reflections in the heroic epos of Azerbaijan and other Turkic peoples Kitabi-Dede Gorgud had occurred just in this region of Azerbaijan. Oghuz khagan from which Oghuz-Turks have taken their genealogical origin lived just here- on the outskirt lands of the Goycha Lake,* died and were buried here. Many of other Oghuz-Turk warlords lived, died and had been buried here- on their ancestors homeland .

Up to the Russian invasion in the beginning of the XIX century overwhelming majority of population in the Irevan khanate was made by the Azerbaijan Turks. In the capital of the khanate- in the ancient city of Irevan, lived only the Azerbaijan Turks. Medieval sources also confirm belonging of this city to Azerbaijan. Ibrahim Rahimizadeh, being the secretary of the sultan during the Ottoman campaigns of the XVI century wrote that Irevan is the apple of the eyes of the Azerbaijan lands. Even after the invasion by Russia in the beginning * In 1930 the historical Azerbaijan name of the Lake Goycha was renamed by Armenians to Sevan .

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of the XIX century the population of Irevan city consisted of the Azerbaijan Turks. B.Jelikhovskaya writes: In view Irevan is entirely a Tatar (Azerbaijan - editor) city .

Being the second after the Irevan city and situating on the left bank of the river Araz Sardarabad was one of majestic medieval fortresses of Azerbaijan. In Sardarabad fortress, except for the sardars palace and the huge garden belonging to the sardar there were roughly 700 houses, 1 mosque, row of 33 shops, 16 mills, 4 factories on manufacture of oil, set of other craft works. This city, as well as other monuments of Azerbaijan, was wiped off the face of the Earth .

In the territory of the Irevan khanate samples of material culture of the Azerbaijan people - settlements, cities had been erected; thousands of historical monumentsfortresses, mosques, minarets (prayers tower), caravansaries, bath-houses had been built. In the territory of the khanate were a great deal of ancient Oghuz-turk graveyards and a lot of other gravestone monuments, including gochbashi (ram-head) statues belonging to the Azerbaijan people. All the place names- toponyms also belonged to the Azerbaijan people .

However in the beginning of the XIX century in Southern Caucasus began the period of bloody tragedies. After bloody battles and protracted sieges Russian troops managed to seize the fortresses of Sardarabad and Irevan. The Irevan khanate was invaded .

The commander-in-chief of the Russian troops Paskevich was awarded with the title of count Erivanski, the second degree Cross of St. George and the money premium in amount of 1 million roubles. Seizure of the Irevan fortress was celebrated in Saint Petersburg with special official parade and special medals were instituted .

After the victory over Iran and Turkey, the Russian invaders under the clauses of Turkmenchay (1828) and Adirna (1829) contracts, began mass resettlement of Armenians from these states to the lands of Northern Azerbaijan, in particular to the territories of Irevan, Nakhchivan, Garabagh khanates and the lands of present Republic of Georgia where Azerbaijanis lived. This fact is proved with numerous archival documents .

Armenians were moved to the territory of Northern Azerbaijan purposefully, i.e. to create for them the permanent homeland. Despite of mass resettlement of Armenians, the imperial government bodies not at once managed to change a demographic situation in the Irevan khanate. Russian general Paskevich who had realized the invasion of the Irevan khanate was obliged to recognize that even after the resettlement of Armenians there three quarters of population in the Irevan lands were made by the Azerbaijan Turks .

In due course, with the purpose of liquidation of historical state traditions and consciousness of independence of the Azerbaijani people, the Russian colonizers began to carry out administrative-territorial reforms. On March, 21, 1828 according to the decree of Emperor Nicolas I, Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates of Azerbaijan were liquidated, and in their territory for Armenians moved from Iran and Turkey the fictious Armenian province was created. Thus the first step on the way of creation of the Armenian state in Southern Caucasus, to be exact, in the territories of Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates was made .

After resettlement of Armenians Southern Caucasus stepped to the period of bloody massacres. Having been armed and supported by the Russian invaders, the Armenian

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armed formations started to pursue a policy of genocide against the Azerbaijani people .

With the purpose of carrying out the invasive plans in Southern Caucasus great powers began to use Armenians and in exchange for it they tried their best for creation their state on the lands of North Azerbaijan former Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates .

At last on May 29, 1918 under pressure of great powers the government of the newly established Azerbaijan Democratic Republic conceded the ancient Azerbaijan city of Irevan with adjoining area of 9, 5 sq. km to Armenians. On the conceded Northern Azerbaijan lands- in the territories of former Irevan khanate the Armenian state was created .

It is an incontestable historic fact that in Southern Caucasus had never been the Armenian state before. Today in the given territory Armenians completely have destroyed all monuments of material - spiritual culture and toponyms of Azerbaijan. As a result of bloody policy pursued by the support of great powers in the territories, where in the recent past the overwhelming majority of the population was made by the Azerbaijan Turks, today does not live any Azerbaijani .

The book The Irevan khanate: the Russian invasion and resettlement of Armenians in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan, made by the staff of authors from employees of the History Institute, the Azerbaijan Republic National Academy of Sciences is worked out with the purpose of unmasking falsifications and to make the world community aware of the scientific truth, to be exact, the real history. Written on the basis of incontestable primary sources, including numerous archival documents and even the Armenian sources, the book The Irevan khanate: the Russian invasion and resettlement of Armenians in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan proves, that the territory on which today the state called the Armenian Republic has been formed, in the recent past and during all history was the Azerbaijan land. Native populations of these lands were Azerbaijanis. But the Armenian is the alien ethnos resettled in Southern Caucasus by the tsarist Russia. The territory of the Armenian Republic on which the stated ethnos lives is the Azerbaijan land. As long as Azerbaijan people live, this truth will also live .

   



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